Van Gogh Scientific Image Analysis

Raking Light, IR, UV and X-Rays of the painting reveal what's beneath the paint.
UV of Farmhouse with Barn and Well (PIQ)
X-RAY of Farmhouse with Barn and Well 2019
Recent X-RAY 2024
Van Gogh Raking Light Farmhouse
RAKING LIGHT of Farmhouse with Barn and Well (PIQ)
Infrared of Van Gogh / Kerssemakers
IR of Farmhouse with Barn and Well (PIQ)
UV and IR details showing pentimenti (lines) beneath the paint

Upon analyzing The Hill of Montmartre with Stone Quarry (F229 JH1176), VGM experts noted that “there is quite a detailed underdrawing in a black material for the silhouettes of the structures on the hill, and it is suspected that other areas of the landscape were underdrawn as well.

Paint cross-sections show that in some places Van Gogh applied as many as four different paint layers on top of each other, including a white one to cover the first brown design. This suggests that he had difficulty in capturing the landscape at first go.

The scene was worked up wet-into-wet on the underpaint, probably in a single session.

Van Gogh first filled in the sky neatly up to the outlines of the buildings, then painted in the buildings and then the landscape, leaving reserves for the slightly larger elements. He finished off the scene by adding a few elements back in the studio, when the scene was already dry. The foreground was supplemented
with some green and transparent red strokes, and he added his signature on the far left with the same red paint. By way of an exception he used a good-quality red lake, cochineal on an aluminum calcium substrate, so those red accents have retained their color well. The painting now looks rather dark due to the severely yellowed varnish, whereas the palette is in fact quite light”

They could easily be talking about Farmhouse with Barn and Well!  View of Paris (F261 JH1101) also has traces of a black pigment seen both on the painting and on the ground in paint cross-sections

Van Gogh pentimenti lines
Pentimenti lines
Pentimenti Figure

The Raking Light Swirly Clouds below are almost identical to those of Sunset in Montmartre painted by Vincent in 1887.

Raking Light Swirly Clouds
UV partial showing pentimenti
UV partial showing pentimenti
UV partial showing pentimenti

Van Gogh Scientific Image Analysis. The image to the right bearing the signature is a UV partial laid on top of raking light. The violet area above the signature shows that this portion of the painting was retouched, which I had suspected. It covers another signature and black lines known as pentimenti. 

One has to wonder what occurred here. Did Vincent change this section and then sign it? He would sometimes return to his works years later and alter them.

The entire painting appears to sport pentimenti beneath the paint. Black lines can indicate charcoal as an initial drawing of the work, but these are not consistent with the finished product, which in itself tells us that this painting is not a forgery of any nature.

Raking Light UV Van Gogh AK
RL and UV showing modification

 X-radiography of many paintings by Van Gogh reveals images beneath the paint. The X-rays and IR of ‘Farmhouse with Barn and Well’ show a previous composition resembling Fruit, Birds’ Nests, or Fish and Fruit – I am presently conducting more analysis.

In September 1885 Vincent painted several Still Lifes –  “What I have for you are some still lifes — of a basket of potatoes — fruit — a copper kettle &c.“. He goes on to say that he was painting a large still life but was not happy with it, so he “redid it”

VanGoghLetters notes that quote: “Of the known still lifes there are five that are clearly larger than most of the rest: F 59 / JH 921, F 51 / JH 925 [2527], F 107 / JH 933 [2531], F 106 / JH 936 and F 102 / JH 937. Assuming that Van Gogh is saying here that he painted one still life on top of another, the middle three no longer qualify because X-radiographs show that the compositions underneath are not still lifes. X-rays of the other two works are not available.

Van Tilborgh and Vellekoop (museum researchers) assume that these are not two works painted one on top of the other and that Van Gogh started on a new canvas” unquote.

Around this time, Vincent was also collecting and painting Birds’ Nests. 

X-ray partial and Infrared show original painting had fruit - possibly grapes and pears

FISH? The three images below show Infrared photos of Farmhouse with Barn and Well using an IR-converted Canon camera. The focused area is beneath the cream-colored farmhouse.

Still Life with Mackerels, Lemons and Tomatoes
Smoked Herrings - Vincent van Gogh
Recent Partial X-ray lightened
Recent Partial X-ray green
Recent Partial X-ray

If you know Van Gogh, you KNOW Van Gogh.

IR partial showing brush strokes
Portion of X-ray Farmhouse with Barn and Well
X-Ray partial showing brush strokes
IR partial showing pentimenti (lines)
IR partial showing pentimenti (lines)

Parts of the Raking Light from Farmhouse with Barn and Well is almost identical to that of Wheat stacks in Provence – 1888 and The Hill of Montmartre with Stone Quarry – 1886

Farmhouse with Barn and Well Raking Light
Farmhouse with Barn and Well - Raking Light
Farmhouse with Barn and Well Raking Light
Farmhouse with Barn and Well - Raking Light
View of Paris and Farmhouse with Barn and Well
View of Paris and Farmhouse with Barn and Well
Van Gogh Sheaves of wheat
IR Comparison
The canvas Vincent used in 1885 and 1888 is identical to the canvas used for Farmhouse with Barn and Well 
Xray Van Gogh Collaboration
Head of a Man - Head of a Woman - Woman with a Broom - Digger - Man at Table and more, all have the same canvas weave as the painting in question, and each one is painted in Nuenen.
Van Gogh original signature under UV Light
Canvas comparison - Head of a man / Farmhouse with Barn and Well
Canvas comparison - Head of a man / Farmhouse with Barn and Well
Van Gogh Fisherman IR Comparison
IR comparison - Fisherman (left) Farmhouse (right) © 2023. All Rights Reserved with Regards to this Painting.
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